Addiction treatment research surveys have categorized programs into several particular kinds or modalities. Treatment approaches and individual programs continue to evolve and diversify, and many programs today do not fit into classifications of traditional drug addiction treatment. Detoxification, the method by which the brain drains itself of drugs, is being intended to handle the physiological immediate and hazardous impacts of preventing drug use.
Long-term residential treatment
Long-term residential treatment guide provides care 24 hours a day, usually in settings outside the hospital. Addiction is being viewed in the context of the social and psychological deficits of an individual, and treatment focuses on developing personal accountability and accountability and socially productive lives. Treatment is organized and can sometimes be confrontational, with operations intended to assist citizens to examine harmful views, self-concepts, and destructive conduct habits and embrace fresh, more harmonious and positive methods of interacting with others.
Short-term residential treatment
Short-term residential programs, based on a modified 12-step approach, provide intensive but relatively brief treatment. These programs were intended to handle alcohol issues, but many started treating other kinds of substance use disorders during the mid-1980s cocaine epidemic. It is important for individuals to remain engaged in outpatient treatment programs and/or aftercare programs after stays in residential treatment programs. These programs help to reduce the risk of recurrence once a patient leaves the home.
Programs for individualized counseling for drug recipients
Individualized counseling or drug recipients focuses not only on reducing or stopping the use of illicit drugs or alcohol; it also addresses related areas of impaired functioning — such as employment status, illegal activity, and family/social relationships — as well as the content and structure of the patient recovery program. Individualized counseling or drug recipients enables the person to create coping tactics and instruments to abstain from drug use and to keep abstinence by focusing on short-term developmental objectives.
Many therapeutic settings use group therapy to capitalize on peer-discussion social reinforcement and help promote drug-free lifestyles. Research has shown that beneficial results are being obtained when group therapy is either provided in combination with individualized drug counseling or formatted to represent cognitive-behavioral therapy values or contingency management.
Treating criminal justice-involved drug abusers and addicted individuals
Drug abusers often come into contact with the criminal justice system earlier than other health or social systems, offering opportunities for pre-, post-, or incarceration intervention and treatment. Research has shown that in reducing drug abuse and associated crime, mixing criminal justice sanctions with drug therapy can be efficient. Individuals under legal coercion tend to stay longer in treatment and do the same or better than non-legal ones.
Early identification and action, as with any form of the disease, is essential to managing a mental health disease or addiction. But oftentimes it can be difficult to recognize various mental illnesses or substance abuse because, depending on the severity of the illness, many people can still function in their daily lives.